3,000 Year Old Temple of the Moon God

I’m still reading this book about the history of spices and the spice trade.  The book presents cumulative information from sources dating far back to ancient times relating to spices and their trade.  With almost every section on a different spice, it seems like it unlocks entire worlds.

The most recent world I am reading about is a land called either Sabea or Sheba, where the famous Queen of Sheba is said to come from.  It is mentioned in the bible that the Queen came to visit king Solomon, that she brought with her a gift of a balsam tree.

That would be Balsam of Mecca, Commiphora opobalsamum, which is also called Commiphora gileadensis or Balm of Gilead.  This very small tree is a sister plant of the myrrh tree, both of which are native to the southeastern part of the arabian peninsula, in what is now Yemen.

There are legends about this ancient place where the fragrant balsam trees grew, their scent wafting into the winds no doubt mystifying guests, sailors from far away lands, who encountered this world.

Over the past decade there has been work excavating a site of an ancient temple which is believed to have belonged to the Queen of Sheba, the Temple of the Moon God, Mahram Bilqis.

There have been numerous fragments found at this site with inscriptions in an ancient language.  It is important to remember that this temple is from a time which pre-dates Islam by something like 1,600 years.  People associate Islam with that region of the world and completely bypass another, ancient, grand history.

Some of the inscriptions that have been translated are magical, such as “…the universe of god’s house is produced from love…”

Interestingly it appears that this once highly valued Balsam of Mecca, which is an aromatic resin with a honey-like consistency, can no longer be found.  There are many substitutes based on trees from other parts of the world which are called Balm of Gilead but which are not.

46 nanometers less than a light year

A light year is very, very far.  About 10 trillion kilometers.  46 nanometers is extremely short.

On October 15, 1991 a particle detector operated by the University of Utah detected an extremely unusual event: a cosmic ray particle traveling at close to the speed of light.  This was a particle of matter, not a form of lightwave, an energy emission of any kind.  Light always travels at, well, the speed of light.
Matter is a different story.   This particle was matter.  Matter moving exceptionally fast.  So fast that, in the course of one year, it would have traveled only 46 nanometers less than a light year.
Such a phenomenon is called an ultra-high-energy cosmic ray.  “Cosmic ray” is a misnomer – there are actually only cosmic particles streaming at us, at every moment, from every direction, coming from all over the Universe.  This particular thing was a particle which got accelerated to an extraordinarily high velocity somewhere else in the Cosmos, only to pelt through the detector in Utah, enough to stun astrophysicists who dubbed it the “Oh My God Particle”.
According to the Wikipedia article on Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays such events are rare.  Only about 15 have subsequently been observed.

Significant New Experimental Clue Relating to Universe Formation

Researchers at the Fermilab Tevatron collider have conducted proton collision experiments in which the parity between matter and antimatter is violated, slightly in favor of matter.  During the formation of the Universe after the Big Bang, an as yet unknown process led to baryogenesis – the creation of baryonic matter which forms the basis of all matter in the Universe.  This present experiment is highly significant in that it is the first observed experimental evidence of a parity-violating physical process capable of producing sufficient amounts of matter to account for the Universe we inhabit today.  Prior to this there have only existed theories which predict parity violation at very low levels – not sufficient to result in enough matter to form our Universe.

The implication of this experiment, if it holds up under further verification, is that the present Standard Model to describe reality is insufficient and is missing some important elements.  According to the article “…the truly exciting implication is that the experiment implies that there is new physics, beyond the widely accepted Standard Model, that must be at work. If that’s the case, major scientific developments lie ahead.”

This, along with a resent reassessment of the WMAP survey of cosmic background radiation the result of which casts serious doubt upon the existence of dark energy to explain the accelerating expansion of the Universe, is highly significant as a lot of the accepted models that have been used for a long time may have to be fundamentally reworked.

4.5 Billion Year Old Earth Mantle Reservoir Discovered

Geological researchers have located a mantle reservoir based on the atypical ratio of the isotopes helium-3 to helium-4 in rocks found on an island in the canadian arctic.  Most helium-3 in Earth rocks has been outgassed over billions of years as the primitive Earth mantle that formed from space rocks got churned through volcanic processes.  The fact that this particular rock still contains high levels of helium-3 indicates that it has not gone through this process and represents a reservoir of very primitive material that dates back to a very early time in the Earth’s geologic formation, very shortly after it formed from the accumulation of space rocks or collisions of primitive astrological bodies.

Interestingly, this research calls into question ideas about how the early Earth rocks became differentiated from that of chondrites, which is the material that meteors are comprised of and from which the Earth is believed to have formed.  One possible explanation for that differentiation is that it occurred prior to the mantle formation which eventually became the crusts forming continents.

According to this hypothesis, the early rock might have differentiated chemically from chondrites very early on in what would have been a global magma ocean across the entire globe, after which mantle formed and volcanic processes occurred leading to the formation of continents.

Calorie Restriction Diet Calculator

This cool site has a calculator which can compute your Body Mass Index (BMI) and Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) based on your height and weight.  Based on your amount of activity, it can then calculate the optimum amount of daily caloric intake for you.  Consuming below that amount of daily caloric intake means your diet is “calorie restricted”, i.e. less than the amount that you actually burn each day, thereby leading to gradual weight loss.  Another site recommends consuming 500 calories/day less than the optimal in order to lose weight.

I used to never think about calories, yet out of curiosity and the desire to be ever more conscientious healthwise I decided to start computing my caloric intake, just to see what it was.

It turns out that my daily caloric intake is actually quite close to the optimum level.  I do notice that my weight fluctuates very modestly +/- about 3-4 lb.  Even at the gym, after an intense workout and a lot of sweating, I will notice a drop sometimes close to 2 lb.  If I go to the jacuzzi and/or sauna and gulp a lot of water, I can actually see the weight come back up slightly.  Quite interesting.

My weight has been more or less static for the past 25 years.  I am noticing slight changes.  I’m not sure if they are attributable to changing gender or age.  More than likely some combination of the two.  The major change is that I seem to need less calories, and my appetite is somewhat less ravenous than it was for many years.

One thing I have noticed is that the taste of foods, the enjoyment of them, seems to have skyrocketed.  I don’t know why, but often the meals that I prepare are just absolutely mind-blowing – not just in terms of the flavor, which to me is still a kind of superficial thing, but in terms of the overall energy coming from the food.  I wonder if the gender change may have something to do with this as maybe food taste and craving is related to hormones?

Anyhow, I just started a new “calorie journal”, a daily log of my caloric intake, yesterday.  At the top of the journal I wrote down my weight, height, BMR, and BMI.  Then I listed the 10 most common foods I eat and what their calorie count is.

Right away I learned some interesting things.  I tend to love very large green salads and it turns out that the calorie count for mixed greens alone is very, very low.  And I love to put a lot of olive oil on my salads and that is where the calories come it: about 120 calories per tablespoon.  That’s still quite reasonable when you consider that you’re eating a huge salad and getting all that health benefit.

One cup of brown basmati rice is about 200 calories – a bit higher than I would have thought.  That is not a negligible amount and I like to eat sometimes a couple of cups, with olive oil mixed in, plus a few nuts sprinkled in, plus sometimes sesame seeds and of course other vegetables added.  But still, considering that this will be one of my main daily meals, the calorie count is still quite reasonable and the nutritional benefit is very high.

Because I really don’t eat that much processed food, it makes the calculation easier.  I pretty much try to stick with the same themes of whole foods so I kind of know the ballpark of what I’m working with in terms of calories and nutritional value.

The Best System for E-Mail with Multiple Computers

Many people are not aware of mail client programs such as Thunderbird.  There used to be a time before the advent of the popular web-based e-mail systems such as gmail and yahoo mail when the only way to access e-mail was with an e-mail client program like Thuderbird.  Now, many people only know about webmail and don’t even know about such programs.

Yet using such a program is a much better way to use e-mail.  Why?  Because with such a program, the mail is actually transferred to your computer (or computers if you have multiple).  It makes working with mail much easier, and the features of mail programs like Thunderbird go way beyond what is offered through webmail services like gmail or yahoo mail.  I therefore recommend to everyone to use an e-mail program.  The popular ones that I know about are Thunderbird, Apple Mail, Windows Mail, and MS Outlook.

I have chosen to use Thunderbird because it is developed by an independent third-party, and can run on any platform – Windows, Mac, or Linux.  It also supports a lot of plugins, such as the integrated calendar addon called Lightning.  I have yet to determine whether using Lightning for calendaring is the most versatile option.  There are also a lot of other useful addons like one that can remove duplicate messages, some which can alter the display of messages, and some which add various types of features to the program.

Just recently I started using a second computer system in addition to the main one I use.  The additional system is more portable and lightweight.  I want to have the ability to take a small system with me, but still have access to all my data and especially my e-mail.  The trick to doing this was to use Thunderbird on both machines and configure it to access my gmail account using IMAP.  IMAP allows the e-mail messages to be stored centrally on the main gmail system where my account is hosted, amd both my client machines can access the mail when they need to.

It is even better than this though.  Say for example that I decided to create a new folder to sort some of my mail on one of the machines I use.  After I create the folder and put messages into it, it will automatically synchronize through IMAP with the central gmail system and that folder and all the messages in it will automatically be available on the other computer!  Totally brilliant!

Now I can read my mail anywhere using the Thunderbird client program with all its features, and read and process the mail, and not have to worry about it being out of sync with the other computer.

The next things I am working on are what is the best way for keeping a calendar across multiple computers, and also documents.  The document issue is interesting because I like to write a daily journal and have a copy on both machines.  Obviously it gets out of sync when I make edits to the journal on one machine.  What is the best way to keep a journal so that I can edit it from any machine and it will always be automatically synchronized with other machines?  Hopefully I will know soon…

Cool image comparing star sizes

A story is in the news today about the European Southern Observatory (ESO) having discovered a star that is 260 times as massive as the Sun, exceeding what was thought to have been the maximum size limit of 150 solar masses for stars.  It is the largest star ever observed.  Accompanying the article is this startling image, which is an artist’s rendition of the comparative sizes of “R136a1” with other more standard-sized stars:

Whoa! Moma!

Very useful article on OpenSSH installation under Cygwin in Windows 7

Cygwin, sshd and Windows 7

WMAP Reassessment Casts Doubt on Standard Cosmological Model

Scientists have done some re-analysis of the ground-breaking Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) data which has been so important for cosmologists, and their re-assessment suggests that some of the interpretations of the data were off, thereby casting doubt on the entire standard cosmological model which includes the concept of dark energy.  In other words, this new reassessment indicates that dark energy – which has never been actually observed, only theorized – might not exist after all.

If that’s the case, then the fact that the expansion of the universe is accelerating is due to something else.  Possibly the theory of gravitation, which has not changed significantly since Newton’s time, needs to be fundamentally reworked.

Stop sitting up straight!

Imagine hearing your mother telling you this, or a school teacher.  Yet it may be the truth.

I always knew this!  LOL

Sitting straight ‘bad for backs’

On another note, I once heard somewhere that, in the time of Jesus, people used to eat laying on their sides, in a kind of lounging out position.  I’d love to see that come back.

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